In the present day, all fields of work have become relatively advanced, and the educational sector is no exception. The educational field has changed in many ways compared to what it was like in the past.
New techniques have been introduced within the system, and to this date, advancements are being made.
The grading system is one such technique that plays a vital role in the educational sector.
The educational grading system is a process by which instructors tend to evaluate the students’ performance in exams on standard scales, based entirely on points and comprise grades like A-F, range from 1-5 or 1-10, or assessed via percentages or marks.
The CGPA grading system is one of the most popular grading systems. Due to the difference in grading systems worldwide, one of the most sought-after questions of students tends to be, “How can I convert CGPA to a percentage?” This guide tells you everything you need to know about the CGPA grading system and how you can convert your CGPA to a percentage.
What is CGPA’s Complete Form?
The complete form of CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average. Basically, CGPA is a highly renowned educational grading system typically used in schools, colleges, and universities around the world.
A GPA and CGPA system is used to calculate a student’s overall academic performance at the year’s end. CGPA provides you the average grade of a student, which in turn reflects their performance and how they’ve worked in this one whole academic year. Letters such as A, B, C, D, and E/F will be allotted to the students.
CGPA refers to the average of all the grade points students obtain in all their subjects, except any additional subject as per the educational program. Grade Point Average, also known as GPA, is yet another form of grading average, but when it comes to specifying one subject or term.
What is The Meaning of CGPA?
The Cumulative Grade Point Average refers to the average of grade points a student obtains for all their courses and semesters completed. This is calculated and obtained once the academic semester for one whole academic year is completed. However, sometimes it can also depend on your course credit units, calculating scale, and result in grade.
What is the Purpose of the CGPA Grading System?
The primary purpose of the CGPA grading system is to give educators and learners clearance about the pupils’ performance in respective fields of study and subjects so that both can accomplish good results and work on their weaknesses.
It is an incredibly significant factor through which instructors can evaluate the students’ efforts in studies. The primary purpose of the CGPA grading system is to determine the students’ achievements in their studies.
Besides, to keep the students motivates, grades are put into practice as students make an effort to enhance their rankings.
What is the CGPA full score?
A CGPA of 9.5 or 10-grade points obtained by a student is considered to be the maximum CGPA mark.
How to Calculate CGPA
The CGPA, which we see on our report cards, is fairly easy to understand and calculate. So if you have taken five core subjects in one semester, you need to add the grade points for all five subjects. Let’s suppose the grade points for your five core subjects are as follows:
- Subject 1 – 9 points
- Subject 2 – 7 points
- Subject 3 – 8 points
- Subject 4 – 7 points
- Subject 5 – 9 points
In the first step, add all the 5 grade points – 9 + 7 + 8 + 7 + 9 = 40
Next, divide the sum of all grade points (40) by the number of core subjects (5)
Thus, your CGPA will be: 40/5 = 8
How to Convert CGPA into a Percentage
Once you’ve calculated your CGPA, the process of converting your CGPA into percentage form is a piece of cake. You just have to multiply the CGPA you calculated by 9.5. This is the formula that is provided on CBSE’s official website for grades 9 and 10.
How to Calculate Percentage from CGPA
Now to make it simpler, let’s answer this question using the same example we’ve mentioned above. From the above scenario, we calculated a CGPA of 8. Now, just multiply this CGPA 8 with 9.5, and you can convert your CGPA in percentage form, which is 76%.
What are the Indian GPA grades?
Give or take a few, there are over 195 countries globally, and each country has hundreds or maybe even thousands of academic institutes. Each college and nation follows a distinctive method of grading and evaluating their students, thus proving the educational grading system is not the same for everyone.
Suffice to say, there is no single grading standard system for all worldwide. For instance, Germany utilizes the 1 to 5 score, while Netherland follows a 1 to 10 order. European countries such as Austrian scholars aren’t allotted any particular grade.
Instead, they inform whether students have performed sufficiently or not. On the contrary, the Indian grading system is usually based on percentages.
How to Convert Indian Grade into a US-GPA?
Most colleges and universities in India opt for the percentage system to grade students, with exceptions choosing a percentile system or a 10-point scale. The former is calculated by dividing the percentage of the student by 10. Based on the percentage or percentile earned, there are some further divisions of marks. They are as follows:
- First Division or Distinction
- Second Division
- Third Division or Pass
Here is how you can convert these divisions into US grades.
- I (First Divisions) becomes A
- II (Second Division) becomes B/B+
- III (Third Division) becomes C/C+
Similarly, you can also convert a percentage or percentile into the US accepted GPA. Take note that each of these grades corresponds to a quality point. For instance, 100% or a percentile of 10 is equivalent to the highest quality point on a scale of 4.0. Here is a rough estimation for it:
- A scale of 60 – 100 is equivalent to a US Grade of A
- A scale of 55 – 59 is equivalent to a US Grade of B+
- A scale of 50 – 54 is equivalent to a US Grade of B
- A scale of 43 – 49 is equivalent to a US Grade of C+
- A scale of 35 – 43 is equivalent to a US Grade of C
- A scale of 0 – 34 is equivalent to a US Grade of F
How is CGPA Calculated for All Semesters?
CGPA can be characterized as the combined semester grade point averages (SGPAs) that are computed just when an academic year is about to end. To calculate your GPA, you only need to find the mean scores of all the subjects in all the semesters (SGPA).
After that, add up all the semester grade average points and divide the total by the number of sessions of semesters to calculate your CGPA for the entire academic year. In short:
CGPA = Semester Grade Average Points (SGPA) of all your semesters in the academic year, within the number of semesters. So, if somebody scored 7 SGPA in the first semester and 8 SGPA in the second semester, their CGPA would be:
CGPA of 1 academic term = (1st semester SGPA + 2nd semester GPA)/2
= 15/2 = 7.5 CGPA